List of VAT rates in the European Union
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List of VAT rates in the European Union

VAT rates fall under the framework of the VAT directive of 28th November 2006. Because VAT has not been harmonised at the European level, every year the European Commission publishes the official list of VAT rates applied in each member country. You will find below the list of VAT rates for 2018.

LIST OF VAT RATES APPLICABLE IN THE MEMBER COUNTRIES IN 2018

Member StatesAcronymSuper Reduced RateReduced RateNormal Rate
AustriaAT10/1320
BelgiumBE6/1221
BulgariaBG920
CroatiaHR5/1325
CyprusCY5/919
Czech RepublicCZ10/1521
DenmarkDK25
EstoniaEE920
FinlandFI10/1424
FranceFR2,15,5/1020
GermanyDE719
GreeceEL6/1324
HungaryHU5/1827
IrelandIE4,89/13,523
ItalyIT45/1022
LatviaLV1221
LithuaniaLT5/921
LuxembourgLU3817
MaltaMT5/718
NetherlandsNL621
PolandPL5/823
PortugalPT6/1323
RomaniaRO5/919
SlovakiaSK1020
SloveniaSI9,522
SpainES41021
SwedenSE6/1225
United KingdomUK520

The country with the lowest VAT rate is Luxembourg (17%) while Hungary is the country with the highest VAT rate of 27%, which is over a quarter of the value of the product. The average rate in Europe is about 21%. The value-added tax is the highest-earning tax for EU countries and it is therefore often the case that the VAT rate increases from one year to another.

Greece is the only country which knew a decrease of the VAT rate between 2017 & 2018 (6% instead of 6,5% in 2017)

This post was originally published in January 2017 and has been updated for accuracy in June 2018.

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