The trade of goods declaration (DEB) / Intrastat is a declarative obligation that has to be submitted to the Department of Customs. It lists all intra-community trade of goods transactions between businesses in different European Union member states. The Intrastat is the term most commonly used in Europe, however in some countries it may have a different name. This is the case of France where Intrastat is known as DEB.
Currently, you can conduct trade operations within the European Union freely, without formalities and without border control: you do not have to make a customs declaration. However, depending on the nature of your business, every month you may be required to complete a trade of goods declaration (DEB) / Intrastat declaration listing all your intra-community trade.
When speaking of trade exchanges within the European Union, the term Arrival means the entry of community goods on the national territory, and the term Dispatch signifies the shipment of goods from your country to another country of the European Union. Thus, the DEB/Intrastat is a declaration that regroups all arrivals and dispatches that your company has carried out with businesses in other European Union member countries.
In France, the trade of goods declaration (DEB) is complexe and must contain all the intra-community trade of goods transactions between France and another EU member country, in particular:
However, some product categories continue to be subject to more complex formalities (alcoholic beverages, tobacco, war materials, medicines) and are therefore excluded from the DEB, the same applies to the trade with the overseas departments.
To note, that in the rest of the Europe (outside France), the Intrastat declaration is only statistical, and is accompanied by a complementary fiscal declaration to determine trade of goods transactions between member states. For a reminder, the Intrastat declaration is mandatory if a certain threshold is exceeded. The threshold corresponds to the amount of sales or purchases of intra-community transactions.
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